Insomnia & Sleep Difficulties

Insomnia & Sleep Difficulties

To treat insomnia and sleep difficulties, our therapists are trained in CBT-I, which stands for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia.

CBT-I is effective for primary and secondary/comorbid insomnia and milder forms of chronic sleep difficulties. It is a short-term treatment with long-term results and focuses on what clients can do in the “now” to alleviate their sleep difficulties.

Instead of sleeping medication, CBT-I helps clients overcome insomnia with safe, effective treatment.

The underlying causes of insomnia – thoughts, and behaviors – are learned and can be unlearned.

Our sleep therapists assess each client’s sleep problems and design appropriate treatments that focus on changing negative sleep thoughts and behaviours.


  • Overcome underlying causes of sleep problems,
  • Master thoughts and behaviours that generate sleep problems.
  • Develop habits that promote sound sleep.

CBT-I Treatment Process / Service:

  • An initial individual assessment
  • 5 individual 50-minute sessions (more 1-1 interaction/feedback, flexibility in scheduling sessions) or
  • 5 group-based 2-hour classes over six weeks (more cost-effective, offers social support, reinforcement and modeling)

Treatment Includes:

  • Sleep physiology education
  • Stimulus control
  • Sleep deprivation (strategies to rebalance the sleep-wake cycle)
  • Relaxation techniques
  • Biofeedback
  • Sleep hygiene
  • Sleep habit modification

What the Research Says:

Over 25 years of research at Harvard Medical School, University of Massachusetts, the Mayo Clinic, and more indicates that CBT-I leads to sustained improvements in primary or secondary/ comorbid insomnia.

CBT-I is physiologically, behaviourally, and quantitatively based. It has no known negative side effects.

Who Will benefit from CBT-I?

  • People with long-term problems getting to sleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early and unable to fall asleep again.
  • People experiencing a negative impact from insomnia on daytime functioning, physical and mental health.

Why is CBT-I Beneficial:

  • Addresses underlying causes of insomnia.
  • Eliminates the need for medications that cause serious side-effects, provide limited short-term effectiveness, and the return of symptoms when discontinued.
  • Fosters long-term behavioural change.
  • Can serve as a segue to CBT treatments for other needs.
  • Is covered by most health insurance plans.

What Does CBT-I Not Address?

CBT-I does not directly address but can help alleviate, comorbid conditions such as anxiety, depression, trauma, and chronic pain.

If after treating your insomnia or sleep difficulties, other life concerns become a priority to focus on, this can be discussed with your CBT-I therapist and an internal referral process can occur so you can be connected with another PsychSolutions therapist who specializes in the areas of concerns you have.

Call to Book an Appointment or a No Cost Consultation!

If you have any further questions or would like to know more about how we can help you feel better, then please call 780-710-9567, fax 780-425-7894, or email [email protected]